Are you missing one or more teeth or have lost all of your teeth? Dental implants are a reliable and comfortable solution, giving you another chance for a beautiful smile.
A dental implant acts as a tooth’s root and is usually shaped like a screw. It’s made of highly purified titanium and its alloys. This material is completely bioinert, which means the body will not treat it as a foreign body, and so there is no possibility of it being rejected or of any ensuing allergic reactions.
As we’ve noted, indications for placing implants are a lack of one, several, or all teeth. Also, patients with dentures that move around or fall out are candidates for ‘mini’ implants that can be positioned to keep the dentures in place.
The main prerequisite for successful treatment is a sufficient amount of bone at the site where the implant should be placed. For that reason, in our Centre we apply special techniques in the course of tooth extraction, with minimal trauma and maximum preservation of the surrounding bone, because we believe that every site where a tooth has been extracted is a potential position for an implant. During the preparation period, after the tooth has been extracted, the wound is sealed with biomaterial to enable the preservation of bone dimensions... If it happens that according to x-ray analysis bone dimensions are insufficient for implant placement (inadequate extraction technique, natural bone resorption over time), our expert team will perform a bone restoration (augmentation) technique using modern biomaterials, and then place the implant.
Unfortunately, there are certain chronic diseases and conditions for which such therapy is contraindicated. These contraindications may be absolute or relative, i.e. where the therapy is possible with certain additional measures in place.
General Medical Contraindications
- Smoking (more then 10 cigarettes a day)
- Drugs affecting bone metabolism (bisphosphonates)
- Untreated or poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
- Decreased immune capacity of the body caused by a disease or drugs
- Recent myocardial infarction
- Generalised secondary osteoporosis
- Ongoing radiotherapy
- Poor oral hygiene
- Presence of parafunctional habits (bruxism, teeth grinding)
- Insufficient edentulous ridge (bone) volume
- Unfavourable jaw relations
- Acute conditions caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infection
Detailed information regarding the treatment methods, materials and implant system will be provided on the completion of a free check-up and radiographic analysis, and is related to each patient individually.
- We will motivate and educate you towards the proper maintenance of oral hygiene, which is of significant importance for the success of the therapy and the prevention of bone infection around the implant (peri-implantitis)
- Smokers – reduce the number of cigarettes to under 10 a day
- If you suffer from a chronic disease, we'll consult with the competent doctor in order to prepare you in the best way possible for the surgery
After implantation, the postoperative course is the same as for other minor oral surgical procedures. You will receive advice on the necessary medical therapy, and recommended behaviour after the procedure in the form of a written report.
A certain period of time is required for the stable attachment of the implant to the surrounding bone (osseointegration). The length of this period depends on many factors, but in most cases it takes around 2 months, during which time we wait before loading the implant with a prosthetic replacement.
There are implants which, thanks to their design and advanced surface, can be loaded immediately after placement, so that the patient receives a temporary prosthetic restoration in the same visit. This protocol is particularly suitable for patients who lack time to dedicate to treatment (dental tourism, business people). In our Centre, we also use such implant systems.
After radiographic verification that the implant is successfully integrated into the surrounding bone, there follows a phase for 'opening' the implant and placing a cap to form gums around the future restoration. This stage lasts up to 15 days, after which an impression is taken, and the final prosthetic restoration is realised.
Pre / posle
A 28-year old male patient was presented with vertical root fracture of 21 due to sport injury. In the same visit tooth extraction was done together with implant placement and hard and soft tissue augmentation. Impression was taken same day and temporary crown was delivered next day. After 3 months definitive ceramic crown was done.
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